The specialist’s goal is for medication to be added to a lifestyle that minimizes risk.
dr Antonio Orraca, board member of the Puerto Rican Society of Cardiology. Photo: Provided by the Puerto Rican Society of Cardiology, to the Journal of Medicine and Public Health.
Dr Antonio Oraca, Member of the Board of Directors of the Puerto Rican Society of Cardiologyspoke exclusively to the Journal of Medicine and Public Health at Exposalude to educate them cardiac arrhythmia,
The specialist points out that patients with hypertension are among the most vulnerable people, so the recommendation for them focuses on a healthy lifestyle and improving eating habits.
“As we age, our heart changes structurally and our blood pressure index changes. For this reason, we always recommend that patients measure their blood pressure and discuss it with their doctor. The biggest impact on pressure is weighing,” he said.
That’s why he remembered it cardiac arrhythmia It is one of the most common cardiac arrhythmias, although any factor that stimulates or affects the heart, either acute or chronic, can cause organ irritation and cause this arrhythmia. .
“That’s why I advise my patients to watch their diet, because to the extent that they improve their habits, we can reduce the risks and progression of the disease,” he noted.
He said age is one of the highest risk factors to consider, but it’s uncontrollable. On the other hand, the risk factors that we can control are high blood pressure, smoking and untreated sleep apnea.
“The symptoms are not visible in all patients, but many experience palpitations, chest pain, dizziness and loss of consciousness,” he explained.
The classification of arrhythmias, according to the specialist, is divided:
*Supraventricular tachycardias, as the name suggests, are arrhythmias with a heart rate greater than 100 bpm that originate in the atria or atrioventricular node. They differ from atrial premature beats in that they occur continuously rather than as discrete beats.
* Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are those that originate in the ventricles. They are more common in patients with heart disease and are generally more dangerous than supraventricular ones.
Diagnostic procedures and treatment:
“Once the condition is recognized, treatments will become more widespread and we believe that with advances there will be more in the future. In addition to drugs, we should also talk about anticoagulants that patients can use “may pose a risk,” he said.
I would like to note that when prescribing a treatment for each patient, a number of individual factors intervene.
dr Orraca emphasized that Puerto Rico has a world-class specialist responsible for this procedure called ablation, which is usually performed using a thin and flexible probe called a catheter that is inserted into the heart through veins or arteries.
“We are always looking for a way for the patient to live as normal a life as possible.” On the other hand, he emphasized that a career in healthcare is not only reserved for specialists, but that the patient must be committed to improving their lifestyle.
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