Everything you need to know about heartburn

Here’s everything you need to know if you’ve got a literal gut fire.

Have you ever had an odd gut feeling before trying to fall asleep? Do you feel bloated even though it’s been a while since your last meal? Or maybe even a slight burning sensation in your stomach? You may be suffering from heartburn and we are here to give you all the information you need to control it.

Heartburn remedies

What is acid and what does heartburn feel like?

Heartburn is described as a burning sensation in the chest, often painful, just behind the breastbone. The pain is often worse after eating in the evening. Heartburn is common and nothing to worry about. Most people can manage the discomfort caused by heartburn by making lifestyle changes and using over-the-counter medications. Heartburn that occurs more frequently or interferes with your everyday activities can be a sign of a more serious problem that may require medical attention.

What causes hyperacidity and heartburn?

Technically speaking, acid reflux, which occurs when the esophageal sphincter (a muscle in your throat) relaxes and pushes stomach acid back up into the esophagus, causes heartburn.

While anyone can have heartburn, certain medical conditions are more likely to cause acid reflux, such as the following:

  • pregnancy – The flap at the entrance to the stomach can relax due to pregnancy hormones, preventing it from closing properly. This leads to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux, where acidic stomach contents move up into the esophagus.
  • A hiatal hernia – In most cases, a small hiatal hernia is not one. cause for great concern. However, a significant hiatal hernia can cause acid and food to back up down the throat, which can cause heartburn.
  • Use of some medications – Certain medications, such as aspirin, some anti-inflammatory drugs, and dietary supplements, can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause heartburn. Others can increase the severity of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD is a chronic condition that causes stomach acid to back up (reflux) into your esophagus.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) – When stomach acid repeatedly backs up into the tube that separates the mouth and stomach, it causes gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Your esophageal lining can become irritated by this backwash (acid reflux). Because of this condition, many people occasionally experience acid reflux.

Your eating habits can also contribute to heartburn symptoms, such as:

  • Spicy food
  • citrus fruits, including fruit juice
  • onions
  • Tomatoes and their products
  • Greasy and fried food
  • chocolate
  • peppermint
  • alcohol
  • Caffeinated and carbonated beverages

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What are the symptoms of hyperacidity and heartburn?

  • Feeling pain in your chest when you bend over or lie down
  • A bitter, hot, or sour taste in the throat
  • A burning sensation in the throat
  • have difficulty swallowing

Home remedies for hyperacidity and heartburn?

Heartburn can be really uncomfortable, but there are several treatments that can help relieve your symptoms. Medications are often the first thing to help treat acid reflux and heartburn, but evidence shows that many lifestyle changes can also help relieve symptoms and promote healthier living.

Lukewarm water – Drink a glass of lukewarm water on an empty stomach before bed to lower acidity.

watermelon juice – Watermelon juice is good for digestion and helps reduce acidity

Apple Cider Vinegar – is an extremely beneficial addition to your diet as it contains proteins, enzymes and pectin.

jaggery contains a high content of potassium and magnesium. Potassium is necessary to regulate pH and promote mucus formation in the stomach lining. This helps you to feel better and prevents acidosis. Your digestive system needs magnesium to stay healthy and robust, which reduces the risk of acidosis and other digestive problems.

almonds – Nutritious and high in fiber, almonds can help lower the risk of heartburn and also absorb acid.

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Ways to prevent hyperacidity and heartburn

Avoid smoking

Smoking is generally considered bad for your health, but researchers also argue that it may make heartburn symptoms worse. This is due to nicotine’s ability to relax smooth muscles throughout the body. In addition, smoking can increase the amount of acid your stomach produces, making you more likely to experience pain and discomfort from acid reflux.

Avoid tight-fitting clothing

Wearing clothes that are too tight can put pressure on your stomach and make heartburn symptoms worse, including pants, shirts, and shapewear. If you’re prone to heartburn, try to wear relaxed, comfortable clothing during and after meals.

body weight

Maintaining a healthy weight is important as being overweight is a risk factor for acid reflux. Studies have confirmed that heavier weight is associated with a higher risk of heartburn. It is recommended to exercise at least 150 minutes every week.


Although some fruits, such as citrus, can cause it, bananas help relieve heartburn. Bananas are considered an alkaline food due to their high potassium content. Therefore, bananas are believed to help reduce stomach acid and prevent acid reflux symptoms. Always choose a ripe banana if you intend to use it to treat heartburn; otherwise, they could act as a trigger for heartburn.


If you lie down or bend over after eating, stomach acid can enter your throat, causing heartburn. Always eat upright and avoid bending or lying down for at least two hours after eating to prevent acid reflux. After eating, it can be helpful to exercise to ensure proper digestion.

Avoid going to bed right after eating

A full stomach when lying down can cause acid reflux and worsen heartburn symptoms. To give your stomach enough time to digest food, avoid eating three hours before bedtime.

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frequently asked Questions

How to quickly stop heartburn and hyperacidity?

A glass of water can help you feel better by flushing stomach acid out of your throat. Taking an antacid is another option if you get heartburn and want it to stop quickly. These drugs immediately neutralize stomach acid, which can relieve your discomfort. It may surprise some of you, but numerous studies have shown that chewing gum helps relieve heartburn symptoms.

Are heartburn and hyperacidity the same?

When stomach acid backs up into the esophagus, it irritates the tissues and causes acid reflux. Heartburn, on the other hand, is a symptom of acid reflux. Heartburn is a condition that causes a burning sensation or discomfort in the chest that can be quite uncomfortable.

Is heartburn related to gut health?

Our gut health can affect whether or not we get infections. There is evidence that heartburn and its more severe form, GERD, can be caused by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria in the small intestine, a condition called dysbiosis, or SIBO (Small Intestine Bacterial Overgrowth). In fact, this reflux can be your body’s way of alerting you to a more serious problem that needs medical attention.

Does milk help heartburn?

It is widely believed that milk relieves heartburn. However, the fat in milk can make acid reflux symptoms worse.

What are some symptoms of acidosis and heartburn?

A persistent cough or hiccups, a hoarse voice, bad breath and bloating, and nausea are all common signs of acidosis and heartburn.

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