Good mental and physical health in the mother is vital to the health of the baby. If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, there are several factors that need to be checked and controlled to reduce the risk of health problems in the baby.
Obesity is one of the most common chronic diseases. Because of its commonality, obesity as a problem can be ignored. In this article, we discuss whether obesity in a mother can affect the health of the baby. We also discuss how this can affect fetal health and how these complications can be managed.
Can obesity in a mother affect the health of the baby?
The simple answer is yes. Maternal obesity has been shown to affect both her health and that of the baby. Obesity similar to diabetes, cholesterol, high blood pressure and other diseases can significantly affect health. As the host, fetal health depends entirely on the mother. A lack of mental and physical health can lead to complications for the baby’s health at birth and throughout life.
How can maternal obesity affect fetal health?
There are several ways in which obesity itself affects maternal health. These factors then affect the health of the baby. Here are some common ways through which maternal obesity can affect fetal health.
1. Increase the risk of stillbirth
Maternal obesity can, in some cases, be fatal to the baby’s health. In most cases of stillbirth, mothers have been found to be obese.
2. Preterm birth
Preterm birth refers to premature births. Deliveries 2-3 weeks before the expected due date can shorten the time it takes for the baby to develop properly in the womb.
3. Larger size at birth
Obese mothers tend to give birth to children that are larger than average babies. This condition is called macrosomia.
4. Birth Defects
Infants born to overweight women are prone to birth defects. Maternal obesity can affect form and functionality, not different parts of the infant’s body.
5. Prone to chronic diseases
Babies born to obese mothers develop chronic diseases at birth. Babies born to obese mothers can even develop chronic diseases later in life. They are prone to diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, etc.
How can these complications be avoided?
The ideal way to avoid these fetal complications is to manage health as a mother. If you are trying to conceive, our advice is to lose weight. Maternal obesity not only affects the health of the baby, but also that of the mother.
Here are some simple ways you can avoid these complications:
1. Eat healthy foods rich in nutrients.
2. Avoid unhealthy foods like fried, unhealthy and highly processed foods.
3. Exercise at least 5 times a week.
4. Maintain a healthy weight.
5. Avoid alcohol as it slows down weight loss and can affect the health of your organs.
6. Quit smoking as it causes irreversible and severe damage to various organs in our body.
7. Get regular full body exams. It can help you spot anomalies early on.
8. Talk to your doctor regularly. They can navigate you through your weight loss journey.
9. Take care of your sanity. Losing weight and trying to conceive both require healthy mental health.
Conclusion: prevention is better than cure. You can completely avoid these risks by taking preventive and corrective measures. A healthy mother’s body and lifestyle significantly reduce complications during childbirth. In addition, healthy mothers reduce the risk that their children will develop diseases later in life.
Disclaimer: This content, including advice, provides general information only. It in no way replaces a qualified medical report. Always consult a specialist or your GP for more information. NDTV takes no responsibility for this information.